PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERKAITAN DENGAN PELAYANAN SWAMEDIKASI DI APOTEK

Ni Made Oka Dwicandra, Ni Putu Wintariani

Abstract


Tingginya kejadian swamedikasi dan banyaknya penggunaan obat yang tidak tepat dalam swamedikasi perlu menjadi perhatian. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan prevalensi layanan swamedikasi di Apotek, karakteristik pasien yang melakukan layanan swamedikasi, dan faktor-faktor yang berkaitan dengan layanan swamedikasi di Apotek. Studi dilakukan pada 230 pasien yang melakukan pelayanan kefarmasian (layanan resep maupun swamedikasi di wilayah Denpasar dan Badung. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 60,4% pasien yang berkunjung ke Apotek menggunakan layanan swamedikasi. Pasien yang mendapatkan layanan swamedikasi didominasi oleh pasien perempuan, pasien yang tidak hamil, tidak merokok, pasien yang menikah, tingkat pendidikan SMA, latar belakang pendidikan non kesehatan, tanpa penyakit kronis, dan tidak mengkonsumsi alkohol. Sebanyak lebih dari 65% pasien yang mendapatkan layanan swamedikasi memiliki tingkat keluhan penyakit yang ringan. Rata-rata umur pasien yang mendapatkan layanan swamedikasi adalah 35,06 + 15,35 tahun. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian swamedikasi di Apotek wilayah Denpasar dan Badung adalah status merokok, tingkat pendidikan pasien, latar belakang pendidikan pasien, jarak tempat tinggal, tingkat keluhan, dan harga obat (p<0,05).

Keywords


faktor risiko; prevalensi; resep; swamedikasi

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References


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